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LESSON THREE

Present Active Indicative

 

      The Greek verb has tense, voice, and mood.

Present tense refers to present time.

     Active voice represents the subject as acting instead of being acted upon.

Indicative mood makes an assertion, in distinction, for example, from a command or a wish.

 

(Make sure you memorize the material for a closed book test.)

 

Present, active, indicative of the verb luw

     The present, active, indicative of the verb luw, I loose, is as follows:

        NOTE:  The word "thou" means "you" singular and the word "ye" means "you" plural.

 

 

Pronunciation guide for luw

1. Click on the Greek word in the chart and you will hear the pronunciation of the word.
2. Pronounce the word aloud 5 times after you hear the pronunciation.
3. Click the pronunciation again to make sure you are pronouncing it right.

luw

pronunciation guide 

Greek

Pronunciation

luw loo'-oh
lueiV loo'-ace
luei loo'aye
luomen loo'-ahmen
luete loo'-et-teh
luousi loo'-oo-see

Did you pronounce all of the words
aloud as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 

Practice Exercise:

Using the definition chart below, say each Greek word and it's English definition 10 times each- aloud.  If you do not remember how to pronounce the Greek word, then click the Greek word on the definition chart and listen to the pronunciation again.  Then practice saying that pronunciation aloud 5 times before continuing with the word and it's definition.

Example:  You will say "loo'-oh (luw), I loose, or I am loosing."

Then you will say "loo'-ace (lueiV), thou loosest, or thou art loosing."

 

Then work your way right on through both the Singular forms and the Plural forms. 

 

present, active, indicative of the verb

luw

Singular          

Plural

luw I loose, or I am loosing     luomen we loose, or we are loosing 
lueiV thou loosest, or thou art loosing     luete ye loose, or ye are loosing
luei he looses, or he is loosing     luousi they loose, or they are loosing 

Did you pronounce all of the words and definitions aloud as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 

 

 

ENDINGS

 

In Greek, first person (person speaking), second person (person spoken to), third person (person spoken of), are indicated by the endings.

  

Also, in Greek, singular and plural numbers are indicated by the ending. Thus no pronoun is necessary to translate we loose into Greek; the we is sufficiently indicated by the ending -omen.

 

ENDINGS
Sing.

Person

Plur.
w (oh)

first

omen (ah-men)
eiV (ace) second ete (et-teh)
ei (aye) third ousi (oo-see)


Practice Exercise:
Read the entire chart aloud this way:

   "First, second, and third person singular is- w (oh), eiV (ace), ei (aye)"

   "First, second, and third person plural is- omen (ah-men), ete (et-teh), ousi (oo-see)"

Repeat the entire exercise aloud 5 times through for the singular and 5 times for the plural.

Practice Exercise:

  Now repeat the following phrase 10 times aloud.  The English pronunciation is included for you so you will know how to pronounce the Greek endings.
   w (oh), eiV (ace), ei (aye) , omen (ah-men), ete (et-teh), ousi (oo-see)"

Did you pronounce all of the endings
aloud as you did these exercises?

yes

no

 


 

 

 

Vocabulary 1
  
Now memorize the following vocabulary list.

Practice Exercise

   Click on the Greek word to hear the pronunciation and then say the word and its English definition aloud 5 times. These 5 repeats of each of the Greek words and their English definitions constitute one turn through the list. Then click on the same pronunciation again to make sure you pronounced the word correctly.
After that, you may begin your next turn through this vocabulary list.
   Repeat this exercise 5 times.

 

Vocabulary 1

blepw, I see

lambanw, I take

ginwskw, I know legw, I say
grafw, I write luw, I loose, I destroy
didaskw, I teach ekw, I have

Did you pronounce all of the words and

definitions aloud as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 

 

 

 

The Stem

 

The stem is the part of the verb which remains constant throughout the conjugation.

The present stem of a verb can be obtained by removing the final w from the form given

    in the vocabulary.

 

STEM

To find the stem, remove the final w.

In this chart, the final w is left after the
hyphen
only to show you what was removed.

Only the part to the left of the hyphen is the stem.

Click only the stem in the following vocabulary.
Say only the stem aloud when you click on it.

blep - w, I see

lamban - w, I take

ginwsk - w, I know leg - w, I say
graf - w, I write lu - w, I loose, I destroy
didask - w, I teach ek - w, I have

Did you pronounce all of the word stems

aloud as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 

 

 

 

Practice exercise:


You are required to say all words and phrases aloud as you do the exercise.

Do the entire exercise 2 times.  You may refer to the previous charts.

Example:  You would say aloud, "1st person singular of ek is ekw" if ekw is the answer you are going to choose.

STEM PICK ANSWER
1st person singular of blep is blepeiV

blepei

blepw

2nd person singular of blep is blepw

blepeiV

blepei

3rd person singular of blep is blepeiV

blepw

blepei

2nd person plural of blep is blepousi

blepomen

blepeti

3rd person plural of blep is blepeti

blepomen

blepousi

1st person plural of blep is blepeti

blepousi

blepomen

1st person plural of ginwsk is ginwskomen

ginwsketi

ginwskousi

3rd person plural of ginwsk is ginwskomen

ginwsketi

ginwskousi

2nd person plural of ginwsk is ginwskomen

ginwsketi

ginwskousi

1st person singular of ginwsk is ginwskei

ginwskeiV

ginwskw

3rd person singular of ginwsk is ginwskei

ginwskeiV

ginwskw

2nd person singular of ginwsk is ginwskei

ginwskw

ginwskeiV

1st person singular of graf is grafw

grafeiV

grafei

3rd person plural of graf is grafousi

grafeti

grafomen

2nd person singular of graf is grafeiV

grafw

grafei

1st person plural of graf is

grafeti

grafomen

grafousi

1st person plural of graf is

grafomen

grafeti

grafousi

3rd person singular of graf is grafei

grafw

grafeiV

1st person singular of didask is didaskeiV

didaskw

didaskei

1st person plural of didask is didaskomen

didasketi

didaskousi

3rd person singular of didask is didaskeiV

didaskei

didaskw

2nd person singular of didask is didaskei

didaskw

didaskeiV

2nd person plural of didask is didaskousi

didasketi

didaskomen

didaskeiV

didaskw

didaskei

1st person singular of didask is didaskeiV

didasketi

didaskomen

didaskousi

didaskw

didaskei

1st person singular of lamban is lambaneti

lambanousi

lambanow

lambanomen

lambaneiV

lambanei

1st person plural of lamban is lambanomen

lambaneti

lambanousi

lambanow

lambaneiV

lambanei

3rd person plural of lamban is lambaneti

lambanw

lambanomen

lambanousi

lambaneiV

lambanei

2nd person singular of lamban is lambaneti

lambanousi

lambanoeis

lambanomen

lambaneiV

lambanw

1st person singular of lego is legw

legeiV

legei

legomen

legeti

legousi

3rd person singular of leg is legw

legeiV

legei

legomen

legeti

legousi

1st person plural of leg is legw

legeiV

legei

legomen

legeti

legousi

3rd person plural of leg is legw

legeiV

legei

legomen

legeti

legousi

2nd person singular of leg is legw

legeiV

legei

legomen

legeti

legousi

1st person singular of lu is luw

lueiV

luei

luomen

lueti

luousi

2nd person plural of lu is

luw

lueiV

luei

luomen

lueti

luousi

3rd person singular of lu is luw

lueiV

luei

luomen

lueti

luousi

1st person plural of lu is luw

lueiV

luei

luomen

lueti

luousi

2nd person singular of lu is luw

lueiV

luei

luomen

lueti

luousi

2nd person singular of ek is

ekw

ekeiV

ekei

ekomen

eketi

ekousi

2nd person plural of ek is ekw

ekeiV

ekei

ekomen

eketi

ekousi

2rd person singular of ek is ekw

ekeiV

ekei

ekomen

eketi

ekousi

1st person singular of ek is ekw

ekeiV

ekei

ekomen

eketi

ekousi

3rd person singular of ek is ekw

ekeiV

ekei

ekomen

eketi

ekousi

Did you pronounce all of the words and

letters aloud as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 

 

Now scroll down for further instructions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice exercise:

Do the entire exercise 2 times.  You may not use any study aids or notes.  The exercise must be done from memory alone.


You are required to say all words and phrases aloud as you do the exercise.


After you have done the exercise 2 times, then you may go on to the next section when you can do the entire exercise again without referring to the previous charts and without making any mistakes.

Example:  You would say aloud, "1st person singular of ek is ekw," (if ekw is the answer you are going to choose) and then click on that answer.

 

STEM PICK ANSWER
1st person singular of blep is blepeiV

blepei

blepw

2nd person singular of blep is blepw

blepeiV

blepei

3rd person singular of blep is blepeiV

blepw

blepei

2nd person plural of blep is blepousi

blepomen

blepeti

3rd person plural of blep is blepeti

blepomen

blepousi

1st person plural of blep is blepeti

blepousi

blepomen

1st person plural of ginwsk is ginwskomen

ginwsketi

ginwskousi

3rd person plural of ginwsk is ginwskomen

ginwsketi

ginwskousi

2nd person plural of ginwsk is ginwskomen

ginwsketi

ginwskousi

 

1st person singular of ginwsk is ginwskei

ginwskeiV

ginwskw

3rd person singular of ginwsk is ginwskei

ginwskeiV

ginwskw

2nd person singular of ginwsk is ginwskei

ginwskw

ginwskeiV

1st person singular of graf is grafw

grafeiV

grafei

3rd person plural of graf is grafousi

grafeti

grafomen

2nd person singular of graf is grafeis

grafw

grafei

1st person plural of graf is

grafeti

grafomen

grafousi

1st person plural of graf is

grafomen

grafeti

grafousi

1st person singular of didask is didaskeiV

didaskw

didaskei

1st person plural of didask is didaskomen

didasketi

didaskousi

3rd person singular of didask is didaskeiV

didaskei

didaskw

2nd person singular of didask is didaskei

didaskw

didaskeiV

2nd person plural of didask is didaskousi

didasketi

didaskomen

didaskeiV

didaskw

didaskei

1st person singular of didask is didaskeiV

didasketi

didaskomen

didaskousi

didaskw

didaskei

1st person singular of lamban is lambaneti

lambanousi

lambanow

lambanomen

lambaneiV

lambanei

1st person plural of lamban is lambanomen

lambaneti

lambanousi

lambanow

lambaneiV

lambanei

3rd person plural of lamban is lambaneti

lambanw

lambanomen

lambanousi

lambaneiV

lambanei

2nd person singular of lamban is lambaneti

lambanousi

lambanoeis

lambanomen

lambaneiV

lambanw

1st person singular of leg is legw

legeiV

legei

legomen

legeti

legousi

3rd person singular of leg is legw

legeiV

legei

legomen

legeti

legousi

1st person plural of leg is legw

legeiV

legei

legomen

legeti

legousi

3rd person plural of leg is legw

legeiV

legei

legomen

legeti

legousi

2nd person singular of leg is legw

legeiV

legei

legomen

legeti

legousi

1st person singular of lu is luw

lueiV

luei

luomen

lueti

luousi

2nd person plural of lu is

luw

lueiV

luei

luomen

lueti

luousi

3rd person singular of lu is luw

lueiV

luei

luomen

lueti

luousi

1st person plural of lu is luw

lueiV

luei

luomen

lueti

luousi

2nd person singular of lu is luw

lueiV

luei

luomen

lueti

luousi

2nd person singular of ek is

ekw

ekeiV

ekei

ekomen

eketi

ekousi

2nd person plural of ek is ekw

ekeiV

ekei

ekomen

eketi

ekousi

2rd person singular of ek is ekw

ekeiV

ekei

ekomen

eketi

ekousi

1st person singular of ek is ekw

ekeiV

ekei

ekomen

eketi

ekousi

3rd person singular of ek is ekw

ekeiV

ekei

ekomen

eketi

ekousi

Did you pronounce all of the words and

letters aloud as you did this exercise?

yes

no


After the required two times through the chart, go through the chart again and when you can complete the entire exercise from memory alone and without making any mistakes, then you may continue to the next section.

 

 

PRESENT TENSE DISTINCTION

  Although in the English there is a distinction between "I loose," which is present time, and "I am loosing," indicating a continuance of the action into the future, in the Greek there is no such distinction.  Therefore, luw is to be used for both present action and continuance of action.

 

SECOND PERSON SINGULAR AND PLURAL

  The word "you" in English may be either singular or plural in the second person. Thus it may be translated as either lueiV or luete being mindful of the context which may plainly indicate singular or plural, in which case the appropriate Greek word would be chosen as so indicated by that context.


  In the translation exercises which will be found throughout the rest of these lessons, if singular or plural is desired, then the terms thou, singular, or ye, plural, will be used in the English sentence to be translated.

 

 


 

 

END OF LESSON THREE

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LESSON FOUR

 

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