Salt Lake Baptist College

 

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x o p r s (V) t u f c y w

 

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CONTENTS of LESSON FOUR

 

REVIEW

LESSON FOUR

 


 

REVIEW


Before we continue with the next section of the course, we must pause and make sure that the student has mastered the basics taught in the earlier sections of this course.

 

The following exercises must be completed without any help from persons, charts, books, notes, or any other type of prompting material or assistance.

 

They must be completed by the students from memory alone.



PRACTICE in RECOGNIZING THE GREEK ALPHABET
by SIGHT and SOUND


    

Review exercise:

Click the "pronunciation" and then click on the correct Greek letter.

Pronounce the letters aloud after hearing the correct pronunciation and then click on the correct Greek letter from the list that matches the letter you had just pronounced.

 

You must stay on each pronunciation, listening and then pronouncing the letter, until you click the correct answer.  You must click and listen to the pronunciation again for each time you incorrectly pick the Greek letter.
 

If you make a mistake during this exercise, you must stay on that pronunciation, listening and then choosing, until you pick the correct answer and then you must continue until the end of the complete exercise before going back to the beginning to start over.

 

You may go on to the next section of the review upon completing this section all the way through without any mistakes and strictly from memory.

 

pronunciation

w

 

b

 

a

 

d

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.


 

pronunciation

c

 

f

 

n

 

b

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

pronunciation

g

 

m

 

l

 

d

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.


 

pronunciation

w

 

b

 

a

 

d

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.


 

pronunciation

z

 

e

 

p

 

c

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.


 

pronunciation

w

 

b

 

z

 

d

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.


 

pronunciation

h

 

g

 

V

 

o

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

n

 

m

 

q

 

f

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

pronunciation

V

 

k

 

l

 

i

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

x

 

t

 

k

 

f

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

pronunciation

l

 

k

 

p

 

f

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

h

 

d

 

f

 

m

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

n

 

a

 

s

 

u

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 


 

pronunciation

s

 

f

 

w

 

x

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

d

 

a

 

m

 

o

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

q

 

p

 

w

 

f

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

s

 

f

 

w

 

r

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

not at the end of a word

s

 

u

 

g

 

d

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

pronunciation

at the end of a word

V

 

s

 

l

 

n

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

r

 

x

 

a

 

t

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

s

 

u

 

w

 

l

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

x

 

h

 

d

 

f

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

c

 

g

 

w

 

V

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

V

 

w

 

y

 

w

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

a

 

b

 

c

 

w

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

Did you click on the pronunciation

and then repeat all of the letters
aloud after hearing them as
you performed this exercise?

yes

no

Did you go all the way
through this exercise
without any mistakes
?

yes

no

 

 

 


 

 

 

Review exercise:

Pronounce the diphthong (diff-thong) letters aloud plus the answer and then click on the correct answer from the list that matches the diphthong you had just pronounced.

 

You must stay on each diphthong until you click the correct answer.  You must do each repeat aloud.

 

If you make a mistake during this exercise, you must stay on that diphthong, repeating it each time, until you pick the correct answer and then you must continue until the end of the complete exercise before going back to the beginning to start over for your next time through.

 

You may go on to the next section of the review only upon completing this section all the way through without any mistakes.

Example:  You will say "The diphthong a (alpha) i (iota) is pronounced 'ai' as in aisle," if "ai as in aisle" is the answer you are going to choose.

diphthong  pick the most correct pronunciation
ai "a" as in fate

"ai" as in aisle

"ee" as in feet

"eu" as in feud

"ah" as in heart

ei "a" as in sat

"ee" as in feet

"eu" as in feud

"ah" as in heart

"a" as in fate

oi "oa" as in boat

"uee" as in queen

"oi" as in oil

"ou" as in shout

"oh" as oat

au "ow" as in cow

"a" as in fate

"au" as in taught

"eu" as in feud

"ah" as in heart

eu "a" as in fate

"ai" as in aisle

"ee" as in feet

"eu" as in feud

"ah" as in heart

ou "o" as in ford

"ou" as in pout

"eu" as in feud

"ou" as in proud

"oo" as in food

ui "i" as in flit

"ee" as in feet

"eu" as in feud

"uee" as in queen

"ui" as in quit

Did you pronounce all of the

words and letters aloud

as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 

Answer this question when

you are ready to proceed to

the next exercise.

Did you go all the way
through this exercise
without any mistakes
?

yes

no

 


 

 

Review exercise:

Pronounce the Greek letters on the left aloud plus the answer and then click on the correct answer from the list that matches the answer you had just pronounced.

 

You must stay on each question until you click the correct answer.  You must do each repeat aloud.

 

If you make a mistake during any portion of the exercise, you must stay on that question, repeating it aloud each time, until you pick the correct answer and then you must continue until the end of the complete exercise before going back to the beginning to start over for your next time through it.

 

You may go on to the next section of the review only upon completing this section all the way through without any mistakes.


Example:
You will say " (epsilon) n(nu) is pronounced hen," if hen is the answer you are choosing, and then click on the correct answer.

 

is pronounced   en

  hen

is pronounced   hen

  en

is pronounced   oo

  hoo

is pronounced   hoo

  oo

Did you pronounce all of the
letters
 and the answers aloud

as you did this exercise?

yes

no

Answer this question when

you are ready to proceed to

the next exercise.

Did you go all the way
through this exercise
without any mistakes
?

yes

no

 

 

Review exercise:

Pronounce the phrase on the left aloud. Then click on the correct answer and pronounce its name from the list that matches the name of the accent you had just pronounced.

 

You must stay on each question until you click the correct answer.  You must do each repeat aloud.

 

If you make a mistake during this portion of the exercise, you must stay on that accent, repeating the phrase and the name of the accent, until you pick the correct answer and then you must continue until the end of the complete exercise before going back to the beginning to start over for your next time through.

 

You may go on to the next section of the review only upon completing this section all the way through without any mistakes.

 

You are required to say all words and phrases aloud as you do the exercise.

Example: You will say, "Pick the circumflex accent."  Then you will pick the correct answer and say "circumflex" when you click on it.

Accents

Pick the circumflex accent.

Pick the acute accent.

Pick the grave accent.

Did you pronounce all of the

words and letters aloud

as you did this exercise?

yes

no

Answer this question when

you are ready to proceed to

the next exercise.

Did you go all the way
through this exercise
without any mistakes
?

yes

no


Review exercise:

Pronounce the phrase on the left aloud and then click on the correct answer from the list and pronounce it aloud also.

 

You must stay on each question until you click the correct answer.  You must do each repeat aloud.

 

If you make a mistake during this portion of the exercise, you must stay on that question and answer, repeating it each time, until you pick the correct answer and then you must continue until the end of the complete exercise before going back to the beginning to start over for your next time through.

 

You may go on to the next section of the review only upon completing this section all the way through without any mistakes.

Example: anqropoV is pronounced ahn-thrah-poss.
     You will say, "Pick the word with a comma after it - ahn-thrah-poss comma" and then click on the word with the proper punctuation.

Pick the word with a comma after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Pick the word with a question mark after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Pick the word with a period after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Pick the word with a colon after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Did you pronounce all of the

words and letters aloud

as you did this exercise?

yes

no

Answer this question when

you are ready to proceed to

the next exercise.

Did you go all the way
through this exercise
without any mistakes
?

yes

no

Review exercise:

 

You must stay on each question until you click the correct answer.

 

You are required to say all words and phrases aloud as you do the exercise.

 

Example: You will say, "Pick the circumflex accent." Then you will pick the correct answer and say "circumflex."

Example 2: You will say, "Pick the word with a comma after it - anqropoV (ahn-thrah-pos) comma" and then click the word with the proper punctuation.

 

You may proceed to the next section when you can do the exercise from top to bottom from memory and without making ANY mistakes.  If you make a mistake during this portion of the exercise, you must stay on that question until you find the correct answer and then you must continue until the end of the complete exercise before going back to the beginning to start over.

 

 

 Accents, punctuation, and breathing

Pick the circumflex accent.

Pick the acute accent.

Pick the grave accent.

Pick the word with a comma after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Pick the word with a question mark after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Pick the word with a period after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Pick the word with a colon after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

with smooth breathing is pronounced   en

  hen

with rough breathing is pronounced   hen

  en

with rough breathing is pronounced   hoo

  oo

with smooth breathing is pronounced   oo

  hoo

Pick the circumflex accent.

Pick the word with a period after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

with rough breathing is pronounced   hoo

  oo

Pick the acute accent.

Pick the word with a comma after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

with rough breathing is pronounced   hen

  en

with rough breathing is pronounced   hoo

  oo

Pick the grave accent.

Pick the word with a comma after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Pick the word with a question mark after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Pick the circumflex accent.

Pick the word with a period after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Did you pronounce all of the letters 

and the answers aloud

as you did this exercise?

yes

no

Answer this question when you are ready

to proceed to the next exercise.

Did you go all the way through this

exercise without any mistakes?

yes

no

 

 

 


 

 LESSON FOUR

 

 

Translation exercises:

 

We will now get into some simple translations.  You may use any of the previous study materials to assist in the translation if you want to do so.

 

When you translate the following into English:

1. Include the comma followed by one space as separators between the parts of your English translations exactly as it is used to separate the various parts of the Greek to be translated.

2. Do not place a period at the end of your answer.

3. You are not writing complete sentences so do not begin your answer with a capital letter unless the rules of English would dictate that the word itself demands one.  An example would be when using the English word "Lord" when referring to God, which would, of course, need to be capitalized at all times and in all places, or the word "I" which is also always capitalized.

 4. Use "thou" to indicate singular and "ye" to indicate plural where necessary.

 5. For these translations, use the modern forms of the words.  Use "see" or "sees" not "seest," and use "loose" instead of "loosest," "say" instead of "sayest," "know" instead of "knowest," "take" or "takes" instead of "takest," etc.

5. For this exercise, consider the Greek to all be in the present tense and give the English translation that indicates present tense and not continuance of action.

6. For this exercise, luw is to be translated as "I loose" and not "I am loosing."

        Example 1

    Greek: luo apostoloV, luo doulos
    English translation: I loose an apostle, I loose a slave

    Note that in the English translation, the "I" is capitalized as is common for the letter I; and also notice that the comma after "apostle," matches the comma after "apostoloV," in the Greek and that there is one space between it, the comma, and the next word.

    We are not writing complete sentences, so please note the lack of a period at the end of the English translation.

        Example 2

    Greek: luete apostoloV, luw doulos
    English translation: ye loose an apostle, I loose a slave

    Note that in the English translation, the plural "ye" is used rather than "you" but it is not

        capitalized at the beginning of the sentence because we are not, at this time, writing

        complete sentences.  Also note the comma and space after apostle and the lack of a

        period at the end of the English translation.

 7. Write out your translations by hand ahead of time and then click on the GREEK TRANSLATION EXERCISE ONE link to open the online exercise to input and score your translation.

8. You will have a 30 minute time limit to input all of your translations.

9. Questions in the exercise may not be in the same order as this study list but all of these lines of Greek will be on the test.  So translate them all ahead of time and have them handy to transcribe into the online exercise.

10. You must score 100% on the exercise.  If you do not score 100%, then you must keep repeating the exercise until you do.  If you get a question wrong, then you must finish the rest of the test and then start the test again for another try.

 

Now translate the following Greek into English:

1. blepw, blepomen, blepousi

2. ginowskomen, ginowskousi, grafete

3. blepeiV, blepei, blepeti

4. ekw, ekousi, ekete

5. legw, legeiV, legousi

6. luomen, luousi, lueiV

7. lambanw, lambanei, lambanousi

8. didaskomen, didaskousi, didaskete

9. grafw, grafeiV, grafomen

10. ginwskomen, didaskousi, grafete

11. lueiV, blepei, lambaneti

12. ekw, ekousi, ekete

 

 

Click this link to check your translations.

 

GREEK TRANSLATION EXERCISE ONE

 

If exercise fails to open, please refresh the page.

 


 

The Second Declension. Order of words. Movable n.

 

    There are three declensions in Greek. The second declension is given first because it is easier.

 

declension, def. the change of endings in nouns and adjectives to express their different relations of gender.

 

Indefinite article/definite article.

        There is no indefinite article in Greek but there is a definite article.

 

    indefinite article - Because there is no indefinite article in the Greek, then adelfoV can mean 

either brother or a brother.

 

plural indefinite article - In the plural, neither the Greek nor the English have the indefinite article. Thus, anqropoi means men but not the men.

 

definite article - There is a definite article in Greek, and where it is not there in the Greek, then we should not insert one when translating into English. 
Thus
adelfoV means brother but not the brother.

 

 

The Greek noun has gender, number, and case.

 

        Gender - masculine, feminine, and neuter.

           These are each indicated by the article.

        masculine article - (haw)

        feminine article - (hay)

        neuter article - to (taw)


    Nearly all nouns of the second declension ending in os (or oV because this is at the end of the word) are masculine; and all nouns of this declension ending in on are neuter. And look for the article placed after the noun (, , to) to determine the gender.

 

Number - there are two numbers: singular and plural.
Verbs agree with their subject in number.

 

 

Exercise:

Pronounce the Greek article on the left aloud and then
pronounce and click on the correct answer on the right.

 ὸ (haw

  masculine article

  feminine article

  neuter article

 ὴ (hay) 

  masculine article

  neuter article

  feminine article

  to (taw) 

  neuter article

  feminine article
 
masculine article

  ὸ (haw

  masculine article

  feminine article

  neuter article

  to (taw) 

  neuter article

  feminine article
 
masculine article

 ὴ (hay) 

  masculine article

  neuter article

  feminine article

  to (taw) 

  neuter article

  feminine article
 
masculine article

 ὴ (hay) 

  masculine article

  neuter article

  feminine article

  ὸ (haw

  masculine article

  feminine article

  neuter article

  to (taw) 

  neuter article

  feminine article
 
masculine article

 ὴ (hay) 

  masculine article

  neuter article

  feminine article

  to (taw) 

  neuter article

  feminine article
 
masculine article

  ὸ (haw

  masculine article

  feminine article

  neuter article

  to (taw) 

  neuter article

  feminine article
 
masculine article

Did you pronounce all of the letters 

and the answers aloud

as you did this exercise?

yes

no

Did you go all the way
through this exercise
without any mistakes
?

yes

no

 


 

 

vocabulary 2

review the following vocabulary words

adelfoV,    a brother

ieron, to   a temple

anqrwpoV,    a man kai, conj.,   and
apostoloV,    an apostle logoV,    a word
douloV,    a slave, a servant nomoV,    a law
dwron, to   a gift oikoV,    a house
qanatoV,    a death uioV,    a son

 

 


 

 

Translation Exercise

translate the following:

Read the Greek in the left column aloud and then choose and read the correct answer from the right column aloud.  Try to do this without referring to the study material.
In the following exercise, click the answer on the right that is the correct translation of the Greek on the left.
  If it takes more than two tries to get a correct answer for any one Greek phrase, then please review the study material before trying that phrase again.  Once you receive confirmation that you have chosen the right answer, you may then continue to the next Greek phrase.

 

You may continue on to the next section when you can complete this entire exercise without any mistakes and without using any of the study materials.  If you make a mistake, then stay on that question until you choose the right answer and then answer the rest of the questions all the way to the end of the entire exercise before going back to the beginning to try the exercise again.

 ginwskw apostoloV  

  I don't know an apostle
  an apostle knows me

  I see an apostle

  I know an apostle

  I see a man

  I know a man

  I know a slave

  a word for an apostle

 logoV kai anqropoV  

  I don't know a woman
  an apostle knows a word

  I see a teacher

  I see a slave

  I know an apostle

  a word and a man

  I know a slave

  a woman for an apostle

 nomoV   kai  anqropoV  

  a law and a man

  I know an apostle
  an apostle knows a slave

  I see an apostle

  I see a slave

  I know a woman

  I know a slave

  a word for a son

 didaskw adelfoV  

  a house and an apostle
  an apostle knows me

  I teach a brother

  I see a brother

  a woman sees an apostle

  a house for a brother

  I know a slave

  a word for an apostle

 ginwskw douloV  

  a house and an apostle
  an apostle knows me

  I know a woman

  I know an apostle

  a slave is learning

  I know an apostle

  I know a word

  I know a slave

 lambanw dwron to 

  a gift and an apostle
  an apostle knows me

  I see a gift

  a woman sees a gift

  a gift for a brother

  I take a slave

  I take a gift

  a word is a gift

 luw uioV 

  a house and a son
  an apostle loosed a son

  ye loose a brother

  I loose a son

  a woman looses an apostle

  a house for a son

  I loose a slave

  ye loose an apostle

 ieron to kai anqropoV  

  a house and a temple
  a temple of women

  I see a temple

  a woman sees a brother

  a temple and a man

  a house and a temple

  a man and a temple

  a word for a son

 qanatoV kia dwron to 

  a house and a temple
  a temple of women

  I see a death

  a woman sees a gift

  a house and a death

  the death of a man

  a death and a gift

  a word and a gift

 ginwskw apostoloV  

  I don't know an apostle
  an apostle knows me

  I see an apostle

  I know an apostle

  I see a man

  I know a man

  I know a slave

  a word for an apostle

 didaskw adelfoV  

  a house and an apostle
  an apostle knows me

  I teach a brother

  I see a brother

  a woman sees an apostle

  a house for a brother

  I know a slave

  a word for an apostle

 logoV kai anqropoV  

  I don't know a woman
  an apostle knows a word

  I see a teacher

  I see a slave

  I know an apostle

  a word and a man

  I know a slave

  a woman for an apostle

 luw uioV 

  a house and a son
  an apostle loosed a son

  ye loose a brother

  I loose a son

  a woman looses an apostle

  a house for a son

  I loose a slave

  ye loose an apostle

 qanatoV kia dwron to 

  a house and a temple
  a temple of women

  I see a death

  a woman sees a gift

  a house and a death

  the death of a man

  a death and a gift

  a word and a gift

 lambanw dwron to 

  a gift and an apostle
  an apostle knows me

  I see a gift

  a woman sees a gift

  a gift for a brother

  I take a slave

  I take a gift

  a word is a gift

 ginwskete apostoloV  

  I don't know an apostle
  an apostle knows me

  I see an apostle

  ye know an apostle

  I see a man

  I know a man

  I know a slave

  a word for an apostle

 ginwskomen apostoloV  

  I don't know an apostle
  an apostle knows me

  I see an apostle

  we know an apostle

  I see a man

  I know a man

  I know a slave

  a word for an apostle

 lambanousi dwron to 

  a gift and an apostle
  an apostle knows me

  I see a gift

  a woman sees a gift

  a gift for a brother

  I take a slave

  they take a gift

  a word is a gift

Did you pronounce all of the words

aloud as you did this exercise?

yes

no

Answer this question when

you are ready to proceed to

the next exercise.

Did you go all the way
through this exercise
without any mistakes?

yes

no


 

 Now complete the following translation exercise.
Read all Greek and English aloud as you do this exercise.

Translation Exercise for Lesson Four

 

 

 

Did you pronounce all of

the words aloud as you did

this Translation Exercise?

yes

no

 Did you go all the way
through this exercise
without any mistakes on

your last time through it?

yes

no

 

 


 

 

 

The Second Declension

 

Note: The iota subscript under the w in anqrwpw and the breathing mark over the diphthong ui in  uioV are not shown. The iota subscript under the w makes no difference in the pronunciation of the word; however, the breathing mark over the ui in uioV would cause that diphthong to be pronounced "hwee."  Please pronounce it that way in the exercises.

 

 

Memorize the following charts for future use.


Key to abbreviations:

Nom.  Nominative case: subject

Gen.  Genitive case: expresses possession (and other uses)

Dat.  Dative case: indirect object (and other uses)

Acc.  Accusative case: object of a transitive verb

Voc.  Vocative case: direct address

N.V.  When Nominative & Vocative case are the same in the declension

 

The declension of anqrwpoV,  a man
(Note: In the plural the Nom. & Voc. use the same endings.)

 

 Nom. 

anqrwpoV,  a man  N./V.  anqrwpoi,  men

 Gen. 

anqrwpou,  of a man Gen. anqrwpwn,  of men

Dat.

anqrwpw,  to or for a man   Dat. anqrwpoiV,  to or for men  

Acc.

anqrwpon,  a man Acc. anqrwpouV,  men

Voc.

anqrwpe,  man      

Note that in the plural the Nominative and Vocative utilize the same endings.

 

The declension of uioV,  a son
(Note: In the plural the Nom. & Voc. use the same endings.)

Nom.

uioV,  a son Nom./Voc. uioi,  sons

Gen..

uiou,  of a son Gen. uiwn,  of sons

Dat.

uiw,  to or for a son   Dat. uioiV,  to or for sons

Acc.

uion,  a son Acc. uiouV,  sons

Voc.

uie,  son      

 

The declension of dwron, t a gift
(Note that this is a neuter noun.)

Nom./Voc.

dwron,  a gift Nom./Voc. dwra,  gifts

Gen..

dwrou,  of a gift Gen. dwrwn,  of gifts

Dat.

dwrw,  to or for a gift Dat. dwroiV,  to or for gifts

Acc.

dwron,  a gift   Acc. dwra,  gifts

 

 

 



 

 

NOTE:  In all neuter nouns, of all declensions, the vocative and accusative of both the singular and the plural are the same as the nominative.

NOTE:  The nominative vocative and accusative plural always end in a.

 

 

Case - there are five cases

    Although there are exceptions, generally the case indicates the following:
    nominative, subject

       genitive, expresses possession (and other uses)
    dative, indirect object (and other uses)

    accusative, the object of a transitive verb
    vocative, direct address

 

 

Declension of anqropoV, a man

 

Declension of anqropoV, a man

  Singular   Plural
Nom. anqrwpoV, a man N.V. anqrwpoi, men
Gen. anqrwpou, of a man Gen. anqrwpwn, of men
Dat. anqrwpw, to or for a man Dat. anqrwpoiV, to or for men
Acc. anqrwpon, a man Acc. anqrwpouV, men
Voc. anqrwpe, man

 

Key to abbreviations:

Nom.  Nominative case: subject

Gen.  Genitive case: expresses possession (and other uses)

Dat.  Dative case: indirect object (and other uses)

Acc.  Accusative case: object of a transitive verb

Voc.  Vocative case: direct address

N.V.  When Nominative & Vocative case are the same in the declension

 

 

The -o declension: The second declension is sometimes called the -o declension because all nouns in it have stems that end in o (short) or w (long).

   However, this final letter of the stem is oft disguised in combinations.  It is therefore advisable to consider the o (short) or w (long) as the characteristic vowel in the last syllable of the noun.

Examples: (from the declension chart of anqropoV above)

        Singular
Nom.  anqrwp- oV
Gen. anqrwp- ou
Dat. anqrwp- w
Acc. anqrwp- on
Voc. anqrwp- e the exception to the o, w, rule being the last in the singular list: the vocative
 
        Plural
N.V. anqrwp- oi
Gen. anqrwp- wn
Dat. anqrwp- oiV
Acc. anqrwp- ouV

   Note the "o" or "w" in all of the end syllables except in the singular Vocative where it is "e."

 

 

 

Endings in the second declension:

   Memorize these endings for the second declension nouns.

 

Second Declension ending chart

Singular          

Plural   

Nom. oV   N.V. oi
Gen. ou   Gen. wn
Dat. w   Dat. oiV
Acc. on   Acc. ouV
Voc. e      

  

Linear chart for memorization purposes: 
 singular
oV, ou, w, on, e, plural oi, wn, oiV, ouV

 

 

Practice test for second declension noun endings.
Pronounce all Greek and English words and phrases aloud.

(This is just a practice exercise.  It is not factored into your grade for the course.)
Click
HERE for test exercise

 

 


 

Declension practice: for anqropoV,

You may use the study materials while doing this exercise.

You must pronounce all questions and answers aloud.

1. Read the phrase in the left column aloud and then choose and read the correct answer from the right column aloud.

2. Click the answer on the right that is the correct Greek declension as stated on the left.

3. You must stay on each question, reading question and answer out loud each time, until you pick and pronounce the correct answer.

4. Once you receive confirmation that you have chosen the right answer, you may then continue to the next question. Do the complete exercise all the way through, both singular and plural, 5 times.

5. After the fifth time through the entire exercise, you may continue on to the next section when you can complete this entire exercise again without making any mistakes.  If you make a mistake, then you must continue all the way through the exercise before starting over.

 

Singular

Nominative case is anqrwpoV, a man
anqrwpou, of a man
anqrwpw, to or for a man
anqrwpon, a man
anqrwpe, man
Genitive case is anqrwpoV, a man
anqrwpou, of a man
anqrwpw, to or for a man
anqrwpon, a man
anqrwpe, man
Dative case is anqrwpoV, a man
anqrwpou, of a man
anqrwpw, to or for a man
anqrwpon, a man
anqrwpe, man
Accusative case is anqrwpoV, a man
anqrwpou, of a man
anqrwpw, to or for a man
anqrwpon, a man
anqrwpe, man
Vocative case is anqrwpoV, a man
anqrwpou, of a man
anqrwpw, to or for a man
anqrwpon, a man
anqrwpe, man

Plural

Nominative & Vocative case is

anqrwpoi, men
anqrwpwn, of men
anqrwpoiV, to or for men
anqrwpouV, men
Genitive case is anqrwpoi, men
anqrwpwn, of men
anqrwpoiV, to or for men
anqrwpouV, men
Dative case is anqrwpoi, men
anqrwpwn, of men
anqrwpoiV, to or for men
anqrwpouV, men
Accusative case is anqrwpoi, men
anqrwpwn, of men
anqrwpoiV, to or for men
anqrwpouV, men

Did you pronounce all of the questions

and answers aloud as you did the

Declension exercise?

yes

no

 After you went through this exercise

5 times, did you go all the way

through it again without any mistakes
and did you pronounce all Greek and
English aloud as you did the exercise?

yes

no

 

Scroll down for another practice exercise.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Declension practice: for anqropoV,

You may NOT use any study materials while doing this exercise.  It must be done from memory alone.

You must pronounce all questions and answers aloud.

1. Read the phrase in the left column aloud and then choose and read the correct answer from the right column aloud.

2. Click the answer on the right that is the correct Greek declension as stated on the left.

3. You must stay on each question, reading question and answer out loud each time, until you pick and pronounce the correct answer.

4. Once you receive confirmation that you have chosen the right answer, you may then continue to the next question. Do the complete exercise all the way through, both singular and plural, 5 times.

5. After the fifth time through the entire exercise, you may continue on to the next section when you can complete this entire exercise again without making any mistakes.  If you make a mistake, then you must continue all the way through the exercise before starting over.

 

Singular

Nominative case is anqrwpw, to or for a man
anqrwpou, of a man
anqrwpoV, a man
anqrwpon, a man
anqrwpe, man
Genitive case is anqrwpoV, a man
anqrwpe, man
anqrwpw, to or for a man
anqrwpon, a man
anqrwpou, of a man
Dative case is anqrwpw, to or for a man
anqrwpou, of a man
anqrwpoV, a man
anqrwpon, a man
anqrwpe, man
Accusative case is anqrwpoV, a man
anqrwpon, a man
anqrwpw, to or for a man
anqrwpou, of a man
anqrwpe, man
Vocative case is anqrwpoV, a man
anqrwpe, man
anqrwpw, to or for a man
anqrwpon, a man
anqrwpou, of a man

Plural

Nominative & Vocative case is

anqrwpouV, men
anqrwpwn, of men
anqrwpoiV, to or for men
anqrwpoi, men
Genitive case is anqrwpwn, of men
anqrwpoi, men
anqrwpoiV, to or for men
anqrwpouV, men
Dative case is anqrwpoiV, to or for men
anqrwpwn, of men
anqrwpoi, men
anqrwpouV, men
Accusative case is anqrwpoi, men
anqrwpoiV, to or for men
anqrwpwn, of men
anqrwpouV, men

Did you pronounce all of the questions

and answers aloud as you did 

this exercise?

yes

no

 After you went through this exercise

5 times, did you go all the way

through it again without any mistakes
and did you pronounce all Greek and
English aloud as you did the exercise?

yes

no

 

 

 

 


 

 

Declension of:

 

Declension of a son
(memorize)

  Singular   Plural
Nom. uioV, a son N.V. uioi, sons
Gen. uiou, of a son Gen. uiwn, of sons
Dat. uiw, to or for a son Dat. uioiV, to or for sons
Acc. uion, a son Acc. uiouV, sons
Voc. uie, son

 

Key to abbreviations:

Nom.  Nominative case: subject

Gen.  Genitive case: expresses possession (and other uses)

Dat.  Dative case: indirect object (and other uses)

Acc.  Accusative case: object of a transitive verb

Voc.  Vocative case: direct address

N.V.  When Nominative & Vocative case are the same in the declension

 

 

Declension practice: for

You may use any study materials while doing this exercise.  It must be done from memory alone.

You must pronounce all questions and answers aloud.

1. Read the phrase in the left column aloud and then choose and read the correct answer from the right column aloud.

2. Click the answer on the right that is the correct Greek declension as stated on the left.

3. You must stay on each question, reading question and answer out loud each time, until you pick and pronounce the correct answer.

4. Once you receive confirmation that you have chosen the right answer, you may then continue to the next question. Do the complete exercise all the way through, both singular and plural, 5 times.

5. After the fifth time through the entire exercise, you may continue on to the next section when you can complete this entire exercise again without making any mistakes.  If you make a mistake, then you must continue all the way through the exercise before starting over.

 

Singular

Nominative case is uiw, to or for a son
uiou, of a son
uioV, a son
uion, a son
uie, son
Genitive case is uioV, a son
uie, son
uiw, to or for a son
uion, a son
uiou, of a son
Dative case is uiw, to or for a son
uiou, of a son
uioV, a son
uion, a son
uie, son
Accusative case is uioV, a son
uion, a son
uiw, to or for a son
uiou, of a son
uie, son
Vocative case is uioV, a son
uie, son
uiw, to or for a son
uion, a son
uiou, of a son

Plural

Nominative & Vocative case is

uiouV, sons
uiwn, of sons
uioiV, to or for sons
uioi, sons
Genitive case is uiwn, of sons
uioi, sons
uioiV, to or for sons
uiouV, sons
Dative case is uioiV, to or for sons
uiwn, of sons
uioi, sons
uiouV, sons
Accusative case is uioi, sons
uioiV, to or for sons
uiwn, of sons
uiouV, sons

Did you pronounce all of the questions

and answers aloud as you did 

this exercise?

yes

no

 After you went through this exercise

5 times, did you go all the way

through it again without any mistakes
and did you pronounce all Greek and
English aloud as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 

 

 

 

Scroll down for further practice.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Declension practice: for

You may not use any study materials while doing this exercise.  It must be done from memory alone.

You must pronounce all questions and answers aloud.

1. Read the phrase in the left column aloud and then choose and read the correct answer from the right column aloud.

2. Click the answer on the right that is the correct Greek declension as stated on the left.

3. You must stay on each question, reading question and answer out loud each time, until you pick and pronounce the correct answer.

4. Once you receive confirmation that you have chosen the right answer, you may then continue to the next question. Do the complete exercise all the way through, both singular and plural, 5 times.

5. After the fifth time through the entire exercise, you may continue on to the next section when you can complete this entire exercise again without making any mistakes.  If you make a mistake, then you must continue all the way through the exercise before starting over.

 

Singular

Nominative case is uiw, to or for a son
uiou, of a son
uioV, a son
uion, a son
uie, son
Genitive case is uioV, a son
uie, son
uiw, to or for a son
uion, a son
uiou, of a son
Dative case is uiw, to or for a son
uiou, of a son
uioV, a son
uion, a son
uie, son
Accusative case is uioV, a son
uion, a son
uiw, to or for a son
uiou, of a son
uie, son
Vocative case is uioV, a son
uie, son
uiw, to or for a son
uion, a son
uiou, of a son

Plural

Nominative & Vocative case is

uiouV, sons
uiwn, of sons
uioiV, to or for sons
uioi, sons
Genitive case is uiwn, of sons
uioi, sons
uioiV, to or for sons
uiouV, sons
Dative case is uioiV, to or for sons
uiwn, of sons
uioi, sons
uiouV, sons
Accusative case is uioi, sons
uioiV, to or for sons
uiwn, of sons
uiouV, sons

Did you pronounce all of the questions

and answers aloud as you did 

this exercise?  And did you complete
the exercise without using any
of the study materials; i.e., from
memory alone without any aids? 

yes

no

 After you went through this exercise

5 times, did you go all the way

through it again without any mistakes
and did you pronounce all Greek and
English aloud as you did the exercise?

yes

no

 

 

 

 


 

Declension of: dwron to

 

Declension of dwron to a gift

  Singular   Plural
Nom.Voc. Acc. dwron N.V.A. dwra
Gen. dwrou Gen. dwrwn
Dat. dwrw Dat. dwroiV

 

 

dwron is a neuter noun.

1. All neuter nouns of all declensions: The vocative and the accusative endings of both numbers are like the nominative.

2. Nominative, vocative, and accusative plural always end in a, the short a.

Memorize this declension.

Scroll down for the declension exercise of dwron to.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Declension exercise: for dwron to

You may not use any study materials while doing this exercise.  It must be done from memory alone.

You must pronounce all questions and answers aloud.

1. Read the phrase in the left column aloud and then choose and read the correct answer from the right column aloud.

2. Click the answer on the right that is the correct Greek declension as stated on the left.

3. You must stay on each question, reading question and answer out loud each time, until you pick and pronounce the correct answer.

4. Once you receive confirmation that you have chosen the right answer, you may then continue to the next question. Do the complete exercise all the way through, both singular and plural, 5 times.

5. After the fifth time through the entire exercise, you may continue on to the next section when you can complete this entire exercise again without making any mistakes.  If you make a mistake, then you must continue all the way through the exercise before starting over.

 

 

 

Singular
Nom.Voc. Acc.
dwra

 

dwron

 

dwrou

 

dwroiV

 

dwrwn