Salt Lake Baptist College

 

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LESSON TWO

 


PRACTICE in RECOGNIZING THE GREEK ALPHABET
by SIGHT and SOUND

 

(Make sure you memorize the material for a closed book test.)

Now that you have memorized the Greek Alphabet, we will do some practice exercises with it.

 

Alphabet reference chart

a  ahl - pha

b  bay - tah

g  gahm - ma

d  dell - tah

e  eh - pseeh - lawn

z   zay - tah

h  ay - tah

q  thay - tah

i  yi - oh - tah

k  kap - pah

l  lahm - dha

m  mew

n  new

x  x - see

o  au - me- krahn

p  peeh

r  rhow

s or V (at the end of a word) sig - mah

t  tau

u  ew - pseeh - lawn

f  fee

c  key

y  psee

w  oh - may - gah 

 

   

 

- INSTRUCTIONS -

In the practice exercise below, click the "pronunciation"
and listen to it.
  Then pronounce it aloud exactly as you
heard it and then click the correct Greek letter.

 


Practice exercise:

Pronounce the letters aloud as you work the exercise.

 

You must stay on each pronunciation until you click the correct answer.

 

Do the following 5 times through.  You may look at the chart above.

 

If you make a mistake during this portion of the exercise, you must stay on that pronunciation until you find the correct answer and then you must continue until the end of the complete exercise before going back to the beginning to start your next time through.

 

pronunciation

w

 

b

 

a

 

d

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.


 

pronunciation

c

 

f

 

n

 

b

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

pronunciation

g

 

m

 

l

 

d

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.


 

pronunciation

w

 

b

 

a

 

d

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.


 

pronunciation

z

 

e

 

p

 

c

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.


 

pronunciation

w

 

b

 

z

 

d

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.


 

pronunciation

h

 

g

 

V

 

o

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

n

 

m

 

q

 

f

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

pronunciation

V

 

k

 

l

 

i

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

x

 

t

 

k

 

f

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

pronunciation

l

 

k

 

p

 

f

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

h

 

d

 

f

 

m

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

n

 

a

 

s

 

u

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 


 

pronunciation

s

 

f

 

w

 

x

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

d

 

a

 

m

 

o

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

q

 

p

 

w

 

f

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

s

 

f

 

w

 

r

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

not at the end of a word

s

 

u

 

g

 

d

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

pronunciation

at the end of a word

V

 

s

 

l

 

n

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

r

 

x

 

a

 

t

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

s

 

u

 

w

 

l

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

x

 

h

 

d

 

f

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

c

 

g

 

w

 

V

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

V

 

w

 

y

 

w

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

a

 

b

 

c

 

w

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

Did you pronounce all of the letters 

aloud as you did all of this exercise?

yes

no

 

 

Now scroll down for further instructions. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Now do the exercise at least 5 times through without looking at any charts or any other written material and without anyone to prompt or coach you.

 

Pronounce the letters aloud exactly as you hear them in the pronunciation as you work the exercise.

 

After you have done the complete exercise at least 5 times without looking at the chart, then you may proceed when you can do the exercise from top to bottom without looking at the chart and without making ANY mistakes.  If you make a mistake during this portion of the exercise, you must stay on that pronunciation until you find the correct answer and then you must continue until the end of the complete exercise before going back to the beginning to start over.

 

pronunciation

w

 

b

 

a

 

d

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.


 

pronunciation

c

 

f

 

n

 

b

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

pronunciation

g

 

m

 

l

 

d

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.


 

pronunciation

w

 

b

 

a

 

d

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.


 

pronunciation

z

 

e

 

p

 

c

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.


 

pronunciation

w

 

b

 

z

 

d

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.


 

pronunciation

h

 

g

 

V

 

o

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

n

 

m

 

q

 

f

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

pronunciation

V

 

k

 

l

 

i

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

x

 

t

 

k

 

f

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

pronunciation

l

 

k

 

p

 

f

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

h

 

d

 

f

 

m

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

n

 

a

 

s

 

u

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 


 

pronunciation

s

 

f

 

w

 

x

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

d

 

a

 

m

 

o

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

q

 

p

 

w

 

f

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

s

 

f

 

w

 

r

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

not at the end of a word

s

 

u

 

g

 

d

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

pronunciation

at the end of a word

V

 

s

 

l

 

n

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

pronunciation

r

 

x

 

a

 

t

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

s

 

u

 

w

 

l

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

x

 

h

 

d

 

f

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

c

 

g

 

w

 

V

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

V

 

w

 

y

 

w

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

 

 

pronunciation

a

 

b

 

c

 

w

 

Click a letter to choose an answer.

Do not continue until you have
chosen the correct answer.

 

 

Did you pronounce all of the letters 

aloud as you did all of this exercise?

yes

no

 

 

 

 

 


 


VOWELS, DIPHTHONGS,
BREATHING MARKS, 
ACCENTS, and PUNCTUATION

 

 


The Greek vowels are as follows:

 

Short Long
a a
e h
o w
i i
u u

 

Memorize the short vowels for a closed book test.
Memorize the long vowels for a closed book test.

Note that a, i, and u, can be either long or short.

The long a, and u, are pronounced somewhat longer than their short counterparts; and short i is like i in pit and long i is like ee in feet.

    e is always short, and h is always long; o is short and w long.

    i and u are called close vowels
   
a, e, h, o, and w, are open vowels.

 

 

Practice exercise:

It is required that you pronounce the letters and the answers aloud as you work the exercise.

Example: You will say, "alpha - both short and long." if "both short and long" is the answer you are about to choose.

 

You must stay on each vowel until you click the correct answer.

 

Do the following 5 times through.  You may look at the chart above.

vowel  pick the most correct answer
a sometimes short

both short and long

always long

neither short nor long

never short

e sometimes short

always short

always long

sometimes long

never short

o sometimes short

always long

sometimes long

always short

never short

i sometimes short

always short

both short and long

sometimes long

never short

u sometimes short

always short

sometimes long

never short

both short and long

h sometimes short

always short

sometimes long

never short

always long

w sometimes short

always short

sometimes long

never short

always long

 

Did you pronounce all of the Greek

letters and the answers aloud

as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 

 

Now scroll down for further instructions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Now do the exercise at least 5 times from memory alone.

 

After you have done it at least 5 times without looking at the chart, then you may proceed when you can do the exercise from top to bottom without looking at the chart and without making ANY mistakes.  If you make a mistake during any portion of the exercise, you must stay on that pronunciation until you find the correct answer and then you must continue until the end of the complete exercise before going back to the beginning to start your next turn.

 

It is required that you pronounce the letters and the answers aloud as you work the exercise.

Example: You will say, "alpha - both short and long," if "both short and long" is the answer you are about to choose. 

vowel  pick the most correct answer
a sometimes short

both short and long

always long

neither short nor long

never short

e sometimes short

always short

always long

sometimes long

never short

o sometimes short

always long

sometimes long

always short

never short

i sometimes short

always short

both short and long

sometimes long

never short

u sometimes short

always short

sometimes long

never short

both short and long

h sometimes short

always short

sometimes long

never short

always long

w sometimes short

always short

sometimes long

never short

always long

 

Did you pronounce all of the letters 

and the answers aloud

as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 

 

After you have done this exercise 5 times through, then you may proceed to the next segment of the lesson when you have done the exercise at least one more time though but with no mistakes and without looking at any of the charts.

 

 


 

 

Practice on the close vowels and open vowels.

 

Memorize the close vowels and the open vowels for a closed book test.

    i and u are called close vowels
   
a, e, h, o, and w, are open vowels

close vowels

i and u

open vowels

a, e, h, o, and w

 

Practice exercise:

Pronounce what they are, "close vowels" or "open vowels," and the name of the Greek letters aloud as you work the exercise.

 

Example: You will say, "Close vowel - iota" if iota is the vowel you are choosing.

 

You must stay on each pronunciation until you click the correct answer.

 

Do the following 5 times through.  You may look at the chart above.

 

click on the close vowels

a  e  h  o  w  i  u

click on the open vowels

a  e  h  o  w  i  u

 

 

Did you pronounce all of the

letters and the answers aloud

as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 

 

 

 

Now scroll down for further instructions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Now do this exercise at least 5 times through without looking at the chart above.

 

After you have done it at least 5 times without looking at the chart, then you may proceed to the next segment of the lesson when you can do the complete exercise at least one more time without looking at the chart and without making ANY mistakes.  If you make a mistake during any portion of the exercise, you must stay on that section until you find the correct answer and then you must continue until the end of the complete exercise before going back to the beginning to start over.

 

Pronounce the letters and words ("close vowels" or "open vowels") and the name of the Greek letter you choose aloud as you work the exercise.

 

Example: You will say, "Close vowel - iota" if iota is the vowel you are choosing.

 

click on the close vowels

a  e  h  o  w  i  u

click on the open vowels

a  e  h  o  w  i  u

 

 

Did you pronounce all of the letters 

and the answers aloud

as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 

 

You may proceed after your fifth turn when you can do the exercise at least one more time through without looking at the chart and without making ANY mistakes.

 


 

Diphthongs (diff-thongs)

 

    A diphthong is a combination of two vowels in a single syllable.

        The first letter is always an open vowel (a, e, h, o, w) except in the case of ui.

        The second letter is always a close vowel (i, u).

 

Memorize these common diphthongs for a closed book test.

   

  Common diphthongs:

  

  ai, pronounced like ai in aisle

  ei, pronounced like a in fate (thus, ei and h are pronounced alike)

  oi, pronounced like oi in oil

  au, pronounced like ow in cow

  eu, pronounced like eu in feud

  ou, pronounced like oo in food

  ui, pronounced like uee in queen

                

The are two other diphthongs, nu and wu, but they are rare.

  They are pronounced by drawing the sounds of the two letters close together.

 

Iota subscript:

When the vowel i unites with long a, h, or w to form one sound, the i is written as a subscript directly under the vowel like this, - - .  The iota subscript has absolutely no effect on the pronunciation of the vowel.

 

 

Practice exercise:

 You must stay on each question until you click the correct answer.

 

Do the following 5 times through.  You may look at the chart above.


You are required to pronounce the letters and words aloud as you work the exercise.

Example:  You will say "The diphthong a (alpha) i (iota) is pronounced 'ai' as in aisle."

   

diphthong  pick the most correct pronunciation
ai "a" as in fate

"ai" as in aisle

"ee" as in feet

"eu" as in feud

"ah" as in heart

ei "a" as in sat

"ee" as in feet

"eu" as in feud

"ah" as in heart

"a" as in fate

oi "oa" as in boat

"ue" as in queen

"oi" as in oil

"ou" as in shout

"oh" as oat

au "ow" as in cow

"a" as in fate

"au" as in taught

"eu" as in feud

"ah" as in heart

eu "a" as in fate

"ai" as in aisle

"ee" as in feet

"eu" as in feud

"ah" as in heart

ou "o" as in ford

"ou" as in pout

"eu" as in feud

"ou" as in proud

"oo" as in food

ui "i" as in flit

"ee" as in feet

"eu" as in feud

"uee" as in queen

"ui" as in quit

 

Did you pronounce all of the letters 

and the answers aloud

as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 

Now scroll down for further instructions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Now do the exercise at least 5 times through without looking at the chart above.

 

After you have done it at least 5 times without looking at the chart, then you may proceed to the next segment of the lesson after one more time through but only when you can do the exercise from top to bottom without looking at the chart and without making ANY mistakes.  If you make a mistake during any portion of the exercise, you must stay on that question until you find the correct answer and then you must continue until the end of the complete exercise before going back to the beginning for your next turn.

 

Pronounce the letters and words aloud as you work the exercise.

Example:  You will say "The diphthong a (alpha) i (iota) is pronounced "a" as in fate" if fate is the answer you are going to choose. 

 

diphthong  pick the most correct pronunciation
ai "a" as in fate

"ai" as in aisle

"ee" as in feet

"eu" as in feud

"ah" as in heart

ei "a" as in sat

"ee" as in feet

"eu" as in feud

"ah" as in heart

"a" as in fate

oi "oa" as in boat

"ue" as in queen

"oi" as in oil

"ou" as in shout

"oh" as oat

au "ow" as in cow

"a" as in fate

"au" as in taught

"eu" as in feud

"ah" as in heart

eu "a" as in fate

"ai" as in aisle

"ee" as in feet

"eu" as in feud

"ah" as in heart

ou "o" as in ford

"ou" as in pout

"eu" as in feud

"ou" as in proud

"oo" as in food

ui "i" as in flit

"ee" as in feet

"eu" as in feud

"uee" as in queen

"ui" as in quit

 

Did you pronounce all of the letters 

and the answers aloud

as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 

After you have done the exercise 5 times without looking at the chart, then you may proceed when you can do the exercise at least one more time from top to bottom without looking at the chart and without making ANY mistakes.

 


 

BREATHING MARKS:

        •  A vowel or diphthong at the beginning of a word always has a breathing mark. It stands over a vowel; and in the case of a diphthong it stands over the second vowel.

        •  The rough breathing mark ( ) indicates that an h-sound is to be pronounced before the initial vowel or diphthong.

        •  The smooth breathing mark ( ) indicates that there is no h-sound pronounced.

                Examples:  is pronounced en and is pronounced hen.

                                 is pronounced oo and is pronounced hoo

 

Practice exercise:

Practice this exercise 5 times through.

 

You may look at the previous explanations.

 

Memorize the diphthong pronunciations for the rough and smooth breathing marks for a closed book test.

 

Pronounce the letters and words aloud as you work the exercise.

Example:
You will say "Epsilon nu () with rough breathing is pronounced hen," if the diphthong has a rough breathing mark and if "hen" is the answer you are going to choose.  Then click on the correct answer.

 

is pronounced   en

  hen

is pronounced   hen

  en

is pronounced   oo

  hoo

is pronounced   hoo

  oo

Did you pronounce all of the letters 

and the answers aloud

as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 
 

 
ACCENTS and PUNCTUATION
Accents:

Accents

The three accents are, the acute (), the circumflex (), and the grave ().
Stress is to be placed on the syllable with any of the accent marks.
 

Practice exercise:

Practice this exercise 5 times through.

You may look at the previous explanation and chart.

 

You are required to say all words and phrases aloud as you do the exercise.

 

Example: You will say, "Pick the circumflex accent." Then you will click the correct symbol and say "circumflex."

 

You are required to stay on each question until you pick the right answer- saying the question and the answer aloud until you pick the correct answer.  Then proceed through the rest of the exercise before going back to the beginning for another turn.

 

Accents

Pick the circumflex accent.

Pick the acute accent.

Pick the grave accent.

Did you pronounce all of the letters 

and the answers aloud

as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 

 


Punctuation:

 

Punctuation

    There are four marks of punctuation:

         comma ( , )      period ( . )

            colon ( · )        question-mark ( ; )

Practice exercise:

Practice this exercise 5 times through.

You may look at the previous chart.

 

You are required to say all words and phrases aloud as you do the exercise.

Example: anqropoV is pronounced ahn-thrah-poss. 
   You will say, "Pick the word with a comma after it - ahn-thrah-poss comma" and then click on the word with the proper punctuation.

 

You are required to stay on the question until you pick the correct answer.  Then you must proceed on through the exercise to the end before going back to the beginning to start another turn.

 

Pick the word with a comma after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Pick the word with a question mark after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Pick the word with a period after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Pick the word with a colon after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Did you pronounce all of the letters 

and the answers aloud

as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 

 

 

Practice exercises:

  

Do the following exercise 5 times through.  You may look at the charts above.

You are required to say all words and phrases aloud as you do the exercise.

 

Example: You will say, "Pick the circumflex accent." Then you will pick the correct answer and say "circumflex."

Example 2: You will say, "Pick the word with a comma after it - anqropoV (ahn-thrah-poss) comma" and then click the word with the proper punctuation.

Example 3: You will say, "() epsilon nu with rough breathing is pronounced hen," if the diphthong has rough breathing and if "hen" is the answer you are choosing.  Then click on the correct answer.

 

You must stay on each question until you click the correct answer.  Then proceed through the exercise to the end before going back to the beginning for another turn through.

 

 Accents, punctuation, and breathing

Pick the circumflex accent.

Pick the acute accent.

Pick the grave accent.

Pick the word with a comma after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Pick the word with a question mark after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Pick the word with a period after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Pick the word with a colon after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

with smooth breathing is pronounced   en

  hen

with rough breathing is pronounced   hen

  en

with smooth breathing is pronounced   oo

  hoo

with rough breathing is pronounced   hoo

  oo

Did you pronounce all of the letters 

and the answers aloud

as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 

 

 

Now scroll down for further instructions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Now do the following exercise at least 5 times through without looking at the charts.

 

After you have done it at least 5 times without looking at the chart, then you may proceed when you can do the exercise from top to bottom one more time without looking at the chart and without making ANY mistakes.  If you make a mistake during any portion of the exercise, you must stay on that question until you find the correct answer and then you must continue until the end of the complete exercise before going back to the beginning to start over.

 

You are required to say all words and phrases aloud as you do the exercise.

Example: You will say, "Pick the circumflex accent." Then you will pick the correct answer and say "circumflex."

Example 2: You will say, "Pick the word with a comma after it - anqropoV (ahn-thrah-pos) comma" and then click the word with the proper punctuation.

Example 3: You will say, "() epsilon nu with rough breathing is pronounced hen," if the diphthong has rough breathing and if "hen" is the answer you are choosing, and then click on the correct answer.

 

 Accents, punctuation, and breathing

Pick the circumflex accent.

Pick the acute accent.

Pick the grave accent.

Pick the word with a comma after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Pick the word with a question mark after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Pick the word with a period after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

Pick the word with a colon after it.

anqropoV,

anqropoV.

anqropoV·

anqropoV;

with smooth breathing is pronounced   en

  hen

with rough breathing is pronounced   hen

  en

with smooth breathing is pronounced   oo

  hoo

with rough breathing is pronounced   hoo

  oo

Did you pronounce all of the letters 

and the answers aloud

as you did this exercise?

yes

no

 

 

 

 



 

 

END OF LESSON TWO

STOP HERE and TAKE TEST!
Test is "closed book."

TESTING  Make sure you read the testing instructions if you have not already done so.

 

This test is "closed book," which means you can NOT use
your study materials while taking the test.  Nor can
you have anyone help you.  You must take the
test from memory only.

 

There is a time limit on the test.

ATTENTION
The software provider had a problem with their server
in May of 2011.  This has caused some tests taken in this
course to fail to submit properly.  Because of this
problem, you may not automatically receive a copy
of this test and we may not receive one for your file.

 

As a safety measure, please make a copy of the Results page
before submitting each test.  If you do not receive your copy
when you submit the test, please contact us to see if we
received ours.  If we did not, then we will ask you to
send us a copy of the Results page to be placed in
your academic file.  If we have received our copy
then that indicates that you may have misspelled
your email address on the test and it couldn't
find you on the Internet.  In that case we
will let you know and forward a copy
of the test to you for your files.

 

If you do receive your copy automatically when you submit
a test, then you need take no further action.  You do
not need to submit a copy of the Results page to us.

 

We regret the inconvenience this may cause you
and sincerely apologize; but this problem is one
over which we have absolutely no control.

 

You may now proceed to the test; and be
sure to save a copy of the Results
page as a safety measure.


 

No password is necessary to access the test.

 

LESSON TWO TEST
Should the test fail to open properly, please use F5 to reload or click the refresh symbol on the top of your browser page.

 

Go to

LESSON THREE

 

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 TABLE OF CONTENTS